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There are a number of excellent reports, readings, films, and other resources that relate to women and mass incarceration, reproductive health care, reproductive justice, and the broad reach of the carceral system in U.S. society. While we can’t list them all here, below are just a few we recommend.

In addition, we can also direct you to the following collections of resources that other organizations involved in the work have compiled:


*please see our comments on the use of the word “inmate” and other harmful language—Language Matters

Anti-Shackling, Pregnancy, and Incarceration State Laws

Pregnant while incarcerated — Anti-shackling Legislation and Resource Table

Reproductive Health Care Legislation for Incarcerated People

Resources for Incarcerated People

Pregnancy Resource Guide [for incarcerated mothers]

Minnesota Prison Doula Project

Guidelines and Position Statements

Use of Humanizing Language in Correctional Health Care

Pregnant and Postpartum People who are Incarcerated during the COVID-19 Pandemic

Health Care for Incarcerated Women

Breastfeeding in Correctional Settings

Reports and Books

Supporting Lactation in Jails: Implementing a Model Policy to Meet California Penal Code § 4002.5

Reproductive Justice Disrupted: Mass Incarceration as a Driver for Reproductive Oppression

Redefining the Narrative– The Women’s Justice Institute

Killing the Black Body—Dorothy Roberts

Jailcare— Carolyn Sufrin

Incarcerated Women: Pregnancy, Childbirth, and Shackling (infographic)

Films and Documentaries

When They See Us


Guest House

Belly of the Beast


Organizations involved in the Work

Women and Justice Project

The Sentencing Project

The Prison and Jail Innovation Lab

The Ostara Initiative


Prison Policy Initiative

National Advocates for Pregnant Women

Movement for Family Power

Drug Policy Alliance

ACLU National Prisoner Project

Please see The Convening (2017) for a discussion of how incarceration impacts pregnant people and ways to initiate change.